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Knee pain and treatment options

1. Osteoarthritis: The degeneration of the knee joint cartilage over time can lead to pain, stiffness, and swelling.

2. Ligament injuries: Tears or sprains in the knee ligaments, such as the ACL, MCL, or PCL, can cause pain and instability.

3. Meniscus tears: Tears in the rubbery cartilage (meniscus) that cushions the knee joint can result in pain, swelling, and difficulty with knee movement.

4. Tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendons around the knee, such as patellar tendinitis or quadriceps tendinitis, can cause knee pain, especially with movement or activity.

5. Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursae (fluid-filled sacs) around the knee joint can lead to pain and swelling.

6. Patellofemoral pain syndrome: This condition involves pain at the front of the knee, often due to issues with the alignment and movement of the kneecap (patella).

7. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis can affect the knee joint and cause pain and swelling.

8. Overuse injuries: Repeated stress or overuse of the knee, such as in sports or repetitive activities, can lead to pain and inflammation.

9. Referred pain from other joints, such as hips

Treatment options for knee pain may include:

1. Rest and activity modification: Avoiding activities that aggravate the knee pain and allowing the knee to rest can aid in healing.

2. Pain relief medications: Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or prescribed pain medications may be used to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.

3. Physical therapy: Strengthening exercises, stretching, and other physical therapies can help improve knee function and stability and reduce pain.

4. Knee braces or supports: Wearing a knee brace or support can provide stability and relieve pressure on the affected area.

5. Injections: Corticosteroid injections or viscosupplementation injections (hyaluronic acid) may be used to reduce inflammation and provide pain relief.

6. Cold laser therapy. Noninvasive and helps to reduce inflammation and pain before surgery and after surgeries, such as total knee replacement. This modality allows to regain function much faster.

7. Surgery: In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary, such as arthroscopy, ligament reconstruction, or joint replacement surgery.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific condition.

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